Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   2

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2009

Pages :   509-512

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Evaluation of Quirivelia frutescens (Apocynaceae)



Address:   *Rukhsana A. Rub, Asma Mukadam, Javed Pinjari, Ajaz Nathani and Aaisha Sagri
M.C.E. Society’s Allana College of Pharmacy, Pune -01, MS
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Quirivelia frutescens (Apocynaceae) also known as kalidudhi or shymlata is much branched twining shrub of West Bengal. It is used by natives as wound healing, digestive.etc. However the plant is not much explored pharmacognostically and phytochemically, therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate pharmacognostic and phytochemical characteristics of plant Quirivelia fructescens. Microscopy of leaves showed distinct bicollateral vascular bundle,single layer of palisade, and well defined anomocytic stomata. Presence of calcium oxalate crystal in the form of thin pointed needle and xylem vessels with circular bordered pits were observed in the stem. The total ash, acid insoluble and water-soluble ash were found to be within the limit as compared to other plants belonging to Apocyanaceae family. The preliminary phytochemical studies indicated the presence of alkaloids and tannins. Phytochemical analysis, like TLC, UV, IR NMR, GCMS, were carried out by using the extract of stem. In TLC, the Rf value was found to be 0.77, which is near to many alkaloids. In C13 NMR, the peak showed the presence of unsaturation between conjugated carbon of alkaloid and steroid group and saturated ring substituted with aliphatic chain. GCMS study showed the presence of eight chemicals constituent in the extract. In UV, the ? max was found between 331 to 337 nm and peak indicated the presence of unsaturation. Thus, from the above study, it can be concluded that the plant Quirivalia fructescens, has rich content of alkaloid, steroid and tannins.
KEYWORDS:
Quirivelia frutescens, Apocyanaceae, Rf value, Anomocytic stomata, alkaloid, steroids, tannins.
Cite:
Rukhsana A. Rub, Asma Mukadam, Javed Pinjari, Ajaz Nathani, Aaisha Sagri. Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Evaluation of Quirivelia frutescens (Apocynaceae). Asian J. Research Chem. 2(4):Oct.-Dec. 2009 page 509-512.
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