Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   4

Issue No. :  6

Year :  2011

Pages :   942-945

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Waste Cooked Oil as an Alternative Feed Stock for Bio-Diesel Production in Indian Railways.



Address:   Arvind Lal1, A. Kumar2, A.K. Gupta3 and N.K. Yadav4.
1Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, (IRIMEE) Jamalpur. Bihar - 811214
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, BIT,Mesra Ranchi. Jharkhand
3 University Department of Chemistry, L. N. M. University, Darbhanga, Bihar
4 P. G. Department of Chemistry, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, Bihar
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Knowing the enormous potentialities of bio-diesels, Indian Railways has taken up challenge to produce it from plantation of Bio-fuel plants (Jatropha) on a large scale in the vast vacant lands throughout the country including the track sides, and decided to run its Diesel locomotives, road vehicles and even generator sets on it to minimise the air pollution extent in the IR premises. But due to non-availability of regular feedstock (Non-edible oils), it is difficult to continue the same. In this work ,bio-diesel was prepared through the transesterification from waste cooked oils(WCO), collected from Star hotels in and around new Delhi and from the canteen of Queen’s Road Hostel, E. Railway Jamalpur. Methyl alcohol with KOH as a catalyst was used for the process. The best result was found at the temperature of 650C with a reaction time of 1 hour. The biodiesel was characterized by its physical and fuel properties including viscosity, flash point, carbon residue, water and sediments content according to ASTM Standards and found to be comparable as per IS: 15607/05.Production of biodiesel from waste cooked oils for the diesel substitute is particularly important because of the decreasing trend of the economical oil reserves, environmental problems caused due to fossil fuel use and the high price of petroleum products in the international markets.
KEYWORDS:
IR (Indian Railways), HSD oil (High speed diesel), waste cooked oil (WCO), Transesterification, free fatty acid (FFA) etc.
Cite:
Arvind Lal, A. Kumar, A.K. Gupta, N.K. Yadav. Waste Cooked Oil as an Alternative Feed Stock for Bio-Diesel Production in Indian Railways. Asian J. Research Chem. 4(6): June, 2011; Page 942-945.
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