Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   4

Issue No. :  9

Year :  2011

Pages :   1474-1477

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Melon (Citrullus lanatus) Seed Oil a Potential Source for Biodiesel Production



Address:   Ossai Emmanuel C.*, Ogbonna Dominic C. and Njoku Obi U.
Lipid and Lipoprotein Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Melon (Citrullus lanatus) seed oil was transesterified using 1% sodium hydroxide at 60°C to produce biodiesel. The percentage yield of the biodiesel was high, indicative of a good biodiesel feedstock. The biodiesel obtained showed good quality on characterization of its fuel properties. The relative density was found to be 0.88 with lower kinematic viscosity of 2.596mm2/s. The acid value was 0.36mg, iodine value 111.67mg and peroxide value 0.06meq. The flash point and the cetane number were 120°C and 55.84 respectively while the heat of combustion was 39.3 MJ/Kg. These results show that melon seed oil has good biodiesel properties and may be suitable as fuel for internal combustion engine.
KEYWORDS:
Biodiesel; Melon seed oil.
Cite:
Ossai Emmanuel C., Ogbonna Dominic C., Njoku Obi U.. Melon (Citrullus lanatus) Seed Oil a Potential Source for Biodiesel Production. Asian J. Research Chem. 4(9): Sept, 2011; Page 1474-1477.
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