Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   5

Issue No. :  9

Year :  2012

Pages :   1108-1112

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Studies on the Pollution Potential of Vaigai River at Madurai, India



Address:   C.Balamurugan1* and L. Leena Hebsibai2
1Department of Chemistry, NPR College of Engg. and Tech., Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Chemistry, Seethaiammal Polytechnic College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Water plays a vital role for all the existence of life on the earth. Water sources available for drinking and other domestic purposes must possess high degree of purity, free from chemical contamination and microorganisms. The rapid growth of urban areas has affected the water quality due to over exploitation and improper waste disposal practices. In the present study various water samples were collected from different places in Vaigai River at Madurai, Tamilnadu, India during May, 2011. The physicochemical parameters such as temperature, colour, turbidity, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, electrical conductivity, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, fluoride, dissolved oxygen, COD., etc. were determined using standard procedures. The results were compared with the standard permissible limits prescribed by BIS and WHO. From the analysis, some of the water samples have all the common chemical parameters like TDS, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, etc, alarmingly above the acceptable limits. The consumption of water having high total dissolved solids and hardness may cause harmful effects like kidney stone formation and other related diseases. In few sampling stations water quality is not suitable for any uses; it is because of pollution by agricultural runoff, by addition of urban waste and domestic sewage. Even though some of the parameters analyzed are all within the safe limits it would be better to treat the sewage before discharging into rivers from the human highly populated area.
KEYWORDS:
Physicochemical, Water Quality, COD, Sewage.
Cite:
C.Balamurugan, L. Leena Hebsibai. Studies on the Pollution Potential of Vaigai River at Madurai, India. Asian J. Research Chem. 5(9): September, 2012; Page 1108-1112.
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