Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  12

Year :  2013

Pages :   1146-1152

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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uality Evaluation of Ground Water near Granite Mining Area by Physico and Biochemical Characterization for Better End Utilization



Address:   P.V.S. Machiraju1*, B. Venkateswara Rao2, Ch. V. V. Satyavani3
1Department of Engineering Chemistry, Pragati Engineering College, Surampalem-533437, A.P.
2Dept. of Engineering Chemistry, A.U. College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam-530003, A.P.
3Research Scholar, Dept. of Engg. Chemistry A.U. College of Engg.,Visakhapatnam-530003,A.P.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
The objective of the present research study is to evaluate the quality of ground water near mining activity area in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh. Ground water samples were collected during Pre Monsoon and Post Monsoon seasons from the nearby granite mining activity areas and characterized for physico chemical parameters viz., pH, EC, TDS, TH, TA, Ca+2 , Mg+2, Na, K, Cl-, So4-2, Po4-3, No3-, Percent Sodium(%Na),Sodium Adsorption Ratio(SAR), Residual Sodium Carbonate(RSC),Magnesium Hazard(MH), Kelly’s ratio and also for bacterial species for evaluating the quality. The research results revealed that these waters were unsuitable for drinking or domestic application due to higher chemical parametric levels compared to the drinking water standards of IS: 10500-1992. The irrigation parametric levels %Na, SAR, RSC and KR were observed within the permissible limit of irrigation standards while the MH levels were observed at higher level indicating the waters with Magnesium Hazard. The microbial data of these waters also confirmed the presence of bacteria viz., E.Coli, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus and Pseudomonas, indicating that these ground waters are with bacterial contamination and hence can cause concern on human health, if consumed for drinking purposes. The ground waters are to be properly treated even for irrigation purposes or otherwise the hazard due to Magnesium depletes the quality of the soil and cause concern on sensitive crops.
KEYWORDS:
Ground water, mining, quality, drinking, health.
Cite:
P.V.S. Machiraju, B. Venkateswara Rao, Ch. V. V. Satyavani. uality Evaluation of Ground Water near Granite Mining Area by Physico and Biochemical Characterization for Better End Utilization. Asian J. Research Chem. 6(12): December 2013; Page 1146-1152.
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