Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  12

Year :  2013

Pages :   1099-1102

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Studies on the Fertilizer Value of Bittern from Salt Pans as Solid Fertilizer



Address:   R.D.Femitha1 and C.Vaithyanathan2
1Department of Chemistry, Nesamony Memorial Christian College, Marthandam-629165 (T.N), India
2Department of Chemistry, S.T. Hindu College, Nagercoil-629002 (T.N), India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
Sodium chloride normally called common salt is widely distributed on the earth. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of common salt. The concentration of sodium chloride is higher in the sea and underground brines. Salt is produced mainly by solar evaporation of sea water, lake and subsoil brines. The left-out mother liquor after the separation of sodium chloride at 29.5°. Be is called ‘bittern’. Bittern is an extraordinary source of magnesium and potassium salts. It has predominantly magnesium and sulphate, trace amounts of potassium and calcium and also trace metals like iron, manganese, copper and zinc and so it can be used as fertilizer in its native state. The corrosive nature and transportation problems make the usage of bittern as fertilizer, impractical to some extent. So, bittern can be converted into solid fertilizers by various improved methods and is applied to plants.
KEYWORDS:
Bittern, solid fertilizer, ash analysis, underground brine, sea brine.
Cite:
R.D.Femitha, C.Vaithyanathan. Studies on the Fertilizer Value of Bittern from Salt Pans as Solid Fertilizer. Asian J. Research Chem. 6(12): December 2013; Page 1099-1102.
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