Journal :   Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry

Volume No. :   7

Issue No. :  11

Year :  2014

Pages :   964-969

ISSN Print :  0974-4169

ISSN Online :  0974-4150


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Steroid Chemistry and Steroid Hormone Action: A Review



Address:   Rajesh Yadav1*, Nita. Yadav1 and Murli Dhar Kharya2
1Department of Pharmacy, SRMS, College of Engg. and Tech., Bareilly, U.P.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr H. S. Gour Central University, Sagar, M.P
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
A steroid hormone (sterone) is a steroid that acts as a hormone. Steroid hormones can be grouped into five groups by the receptors to which they bind: glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens, estrogens, and progestogens. The important classes of lipids called steroids are actually metabolic terpenoid derivatives of terpenes, but they are customarily treated as a separate group. Steroids may be recognized by their tetracyclic skeleton, consisting of three fused six-membered and one five-membered ring. Steroids are solid alcohols that are widely distributed in animal and plant kingdoms. The basic skeleton consists of 17 carbon atoms arranged in the form of perhydrocyclopenteno phenanthrene. Vitamin D derivatives are a sixth closely related hormone system with homologous receptors. They have some of the characteristics of true steroids as receptor ligands, but lack the planar fused four ring system of true steroids. Steroid hormones help control metabolism, inflammation, immune functions, salt and water balance, development of sexual characteristics, and the ability to withstand illness and injury. The term steroid describes both hormones produced by the body and artificially produced medications that duplicate the action for the naturally occurring steroids. The review also includes an overview of steroid hormone structure, nomenclature, and action.
KEYWORDS:
Cholesterol, Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoids, Steroid Chemistry, Steroid Hormone.
Cite:
Rajesh Yadav, Nita. Yadav, Murli Dhar Kharya. Steroid Chemistry and Steroid Hormone Action: A Review. Asian J. Research Chem. 7(11): November, 2014; Page 964-969.
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