Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing various human diseases. These phytochemicals are chemicals which are present naturally in plants and occur as combination of various types of bioactive compounds with different polarities. The present study evaluates the phytochemical screening of various aerial and root extracts of Aerva lanata by standard methods. The results showed the presence of phytochemicals such as alkaloids, saponins, phytosterols, triterpenes, proteins, glycosides, coumarins, flavonoids, phenols, carbohydrates, tannins and steroids. Since the plant extracts usually occurs as combination of various phytochemicals their separation still remains as a challenge in the process of identification and characterization. In present study the isolation of phytochemicals from methanol extracts of Aerva lanata were carried by column chromatography. The methanol aerial extract of Aerva lanata yield 2-bromo ethyl 2-( chloro methyl) but 3- enoate, in 85% chloroform : 15% methanol. Similarly the methanol root extract of Aerva lanata yield 6- furan-2-yl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-pyridine-3- carboxylic acid 2- bromo- ethyl ester in 85% chloroform: 15% methanol which were confirmed by spectroscopic studies. Thus the isolated compounds may be useful for the preparation of plant based medicine which may be helpful for further pharmaceutical industries for preparing new medicines which is used to treat diseases without any side effects.
Cite this article:
A. Anita, A. Malar Retna, J. Joseph. Phytochemical screening and column chromatography studies of Aerva lanata. Asian J. Research Chem. 2018; 11(1):84-90. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00019.6