0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)

Author(s): Amira Ouakkaf, Fatiha Chelgham, Rekia Cherbi, Mounira Chelgham, Mustapha Houhoune, Zoubir Ben Abdallah


DOI: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00075   

Address: Amira Ouakkaf1, Fatiha Chelgham2*, Rekia Cherbi2, Mounira Chelgham3, Mustapha Houhoune1, Zoubir Ben Abdallah1
1Department of Matter Sciences, University Mohamed Khider 07000 Biskra, Algeria.
2Laboratoire de Valorisation et Promotion des Ressources Sahariennes, Université Kasdi Merbah, Ouargla - 30000, Algeria.
3Développement des énergies nouvelles et renouvelables dans les zones arides et sahariennes, Lenreza, P.O. Box 511, Ouargla 30 000, Algeria.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2021

Agricultural wastes can be considered as suitable raw materials for activated carbon production, as activated carbon is considered as an economical adsorption material. Seeds from biomass of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam, grown in Algerian have been valorized for activated carbon production by the phosphoric acid, activation method with pyrolysis temperatures of 400, 500 and 600 °C. The effect of changes in pyrolysis temperatures on the yield and quality of the prepared activated carbon was studied. The obtained activated carbons were characterized by FT-IR and MB adsorption, a good yield of 38,625 %, a high BET surface area of 915,58 m2/g. The removal rate of methylene blue was strongly influenced by contact time, adsorbent mass and pH. An excellent removal % of methylene blue (MB) was obtained at the preferred temperature of 500 °C (AC 500).

Cite this article:
Amira Ouakkaf, Fatiha Chelgham, Rekia Cherbi, Mounira Chelgham, Mustapha Houhoune, Zoubir Ben Abdallah. Activated Carbons derived by Phosphoric acid Activation of Agricultural waste and their Adsorption of Methylene Blue. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2021; 14(6):435-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00075

Amira Ouakkaf, Fatiha Chelgham, Rekia Cherbi, Mounira Chelgham, Mustapha Houhoune, Zoubir Ben Abdallah. Activated Carbons derived by Phosphoric acid Activation of Agricultural waste and their Adsorption of Methylene Blue. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2021; 14(6):435-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00075   Available on:

1.    Pooja D, Kumar P, Singh P, Patil S, eds. Sensors in Water Pollutants Monitoring: Role of Material. Springer Singapore; 2020. doi:10.1007/978-981-15-0671-0
2.    De Gisi S, Lofrano G, Grassi M, Notarnicola M. Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cost sorbents for wastewater treatment: A review. Sustainable Materials and Technologies. 2016; 9: 10-40. doi:10.1016/j.susmat.2016.06.002
3.    Goudjil MB, Sid N, Ayachi AO, et al. Textile Dye removal by Adsorption on Olive Grain as Solid Waste from the Olive Oil Extraction. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2020; 13(6): 424-432. doi:10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00077.2
4.    Holkar CR, Jadhav AJ, Pinjari DV, Mahamuni NM, Pandit AB. A critical review on textile wastewater treatments: Possible approaches. Journal of Environmental Management. 2016; 182: 351-366. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.090
5.    Li W, Mu B, Yang Y. Feasibility of industrial-scale treatment of dye wastewater via bio-adsorption technology. Bioresource Technology. 2019; 277: 157-170. doi:10.1016/ j.biortech.2019.01.002
6.    Qadir I, Chhipa RC. Studies on the Removal of Acid Violet 49 Dye by Activated Carbon obtained from Neem Leaves (Azadirachta indica). Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2017; 10(3): 345-348. doi:10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00058.X
7.    Wang J, Wang S. Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from wastewater: A review. Journal of Environmental Management. 2016; 182: 620-640. doi:10.1016/ j.jenvman.2016.07.049
8.    Al-Mamun MR, Kader S, Islam MS, Khan MZH. Photocatalytic activity improvement and application of UV-TiO2 photocatalysis in textile wastewater treatment: A review. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2019; 7(5): 103248. doi:10.1016/ j.jece.2019.103248
9.    Jia Q, Lua AC. Effects of pyrolysis conditions on the physical characteristics of oil-palm-shell activated carbons used in aqueous phase phenol adsorption. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 2008; 83(2): 175-179. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2008.08.001
10.    Nakagawa K, Namba A, Mukai SR, Tamon H, Ariyadejwanich P, Tanthapanichakoon W. Adsorption of phenol and reactive dye from aqueous solution on activated carbons derived from solid wastes. Water Research. 2004; 38(7): 1791-1798. doi:10.1016/ j.watres.2004.01.002
11.    Youssef AM, El-Nabarawy Th, Samra SE. Sorption properties of chemically-activated carbons. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2004; 235(1-3): 153-163. doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2003.12.017
12.    Abhilash DP, Rose SV, Indirani B. Removal of Cadmium (II) from aqueous solution using Coffee powder - A Kinetic study. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2018; 11(2): 360-364. doi:10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00065.2
13.    Karagoz S, Tay T, Ucar S, Erdem M. Activated carbons from waste biomass by sulfuric acid activation and their use on methylene blue adsorption. Bioresource Technology. 2008; 99(14): 6214-6222. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.019
14.    Haimour NM, Emeish S. Utilization of date stones for production of activated carbon using phosphoric acid. Waste Management. 2006; 26(6): 651-660. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2005.08.004
15.    Mosafa L, Moghadam M, Shahedi M. Papain enzyme supported on magnetic nanoparticles: Preparation, characterization and application in the fruit juice clarification. Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 2013; 34(10): 1897-1904. doi:10.1016/S1872-2067(12)60663-9
16.    Auta M, Hameed BH. Preparation of waste tea activated carbon using potassium acetate as an activating agent for adsorption of Acid Blue 25 dye. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2011; 171(2): 502-509. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2011.04.017
17.    Ahmad MA, Ahmad Puad NA, Bello OS. Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of synthetic dye removal using pomegranate peel activated carbon prepared by microwave-induced KOH activation. Water Resources and Industry. 2014; 6: 18-35. doi:10.1016/j.wri.2014.06.002
18.    Angin D. Production and characterization of activated carbon from sour cherry stones by zinc chloride. Fuel. 2014; 115: 804-811. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2013.04.060
19.    Njoku VO, Foo KY, Hameed BH. Microwave-assisted preparation of pumpkin seed hull activated carbon and its application for the adsorptive removal of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2013; 215-216: 383-388. doi:10.1016/ j.cej.2012.10.068
20.    Pezoti O, Cazetta AL, Souza IPAF, et al. Adsorption studies of methylene blue onto ZnCl2-activated carbon produced from buriti shells (Mauritia flexuosa L.). Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2014; 20(6): 4401-4407. doi:10.1016/ j.jiec.2014.02.007
21.    Liou T-H. Development of mesoporous structure and high adsorption capacity of biomass-based activated carbon by phosphoric acid and zinc chloride activation. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2010; 158(2): 129-142. doi:10.1016/ j.cej.2009.12.016
22.    Zhang H, Sun Y, Li S, Li X, Zhou H, Tian Y. Preparation, characterization, and efficient chromium (VI) adsorption of phosphoric acid activated carbon from furfural residue: an industrial waste. Water Science and Technology. 2020; 82(12): 2864-2876. doi:10.2166/wst.2020.530
23.    Arunadevi R, Kavitha B, Karthiga R, Krishnan M. Effect of Fe and Cu codoped NiMoO4 nanopartcles on the photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue Under visible light irradiation. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2018; 11(3): 663-670. doi:10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00119.0
24.    Kale AA. Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study of Adsorption Methylene Blue by Nitrated Biomass of Prunus Cerasus. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2021; 14(4): 242-246. doi:10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00041
25.    Ma X, Ouyang F. Adsorption properties of biomass-based activated carbon prepared with spent coffee grounds and pomelo skin by phosphoric acid activation. Applied Surface Science. 2013; 268: 566-570. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.01.009
26.    Sivarajan, A, Shanmugapriya, V. Determination of isotherm parameters for the adsorption of Rhodamine B dye onto activated carbon prepared from Ziziphus jujuba seeds. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2017; 10(3): 362-368. doi:10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00062.1
27.    Soleimani M, Kaghazchi T. Agricultural Waste Conversion to Activated Carbon by Chemical Activation with Phosphoric Acid. Chem Eng Technol. 2007; 30(5): 649-654. doi:10.1002/ ceat.200600325
28.    Han Q, Wang J, Goodman BA, Xie J, Liu Z. High adsorption of methylene blue by activated carbon prepared from phosphoric acid treated eucalyptus residue. Powder Technology. 2020; 366: 239-248. doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2020.02.013
29.    Igwegbe CA, Onukwuli OD, Ighalo JO, Okoye PU. Adsorption of Cationic Dyes on Dacryodes edulis Seeds Activated Carbon Modified Using Phosphoric Acid and Sodium Chloride. Environ Process. 2020; 7(4): 1151-1171. doi:10.1007/s40710-020-00467-y
30.    Ghaedi M, Tashkhourian J, Pebdani AA, Sadeghian B, Ana FN. Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study of removal of reactive orange 12 on platinum nanoparticle loaded on activated carbon as novel adsorbent. Korean J Chem Eng. 2011; 28(12): 2255-2261. doi:10.1007/s11814-011-0142-1
31.    Zhang Y, Zhao J, Jiang Z, Shan D, Lu Y. Biosorption of Fe(II) and Mn(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution by Rice Husk Ash. BioMed Research International. 2014; 1-10. doi:10.1155/2014/973095
32.    Garg VK, Gupta R, Bala Yadav A, Kumar R. Dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust. Bioresource Technology. 2003; 89(2): 121-124. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00058-0
33.    Mahmoodi NM, Hayati B, Arami M, Lan C. Adsorption of textile dyes on Pine Cone from colored wastewater: Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. Desalination. 2011; 268(1-3): 117-125. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2010.10.007
34.    Rahman MA, Amin SMR, Alam AMS. Removal of Methylene Blue from Waste Water Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Rice Husk. Dhaka Univ J Sci. 2012; 60(2): 185-189. doi:10.3329/ dujs.v60i2.11491
35.    Kavitha D, Namasivayam C. Experimental and kinetic studies on methylene blue adsorption by coir pith carbon. Bioresource Technology. 2007; 98(1): 14-21. doi:10.1016/ j.biortech.2005.12.008
36.    Faria PCC, Órfão JJM, Pereira MFR. Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes on activated carbons with different surface chemistries. Water Research. 2004; 38(8): 2043-2052. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2004.01.034

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Jeevan Jyoti Mohindru, Umesh Kumar Garg, Rajni Gupta

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00069.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nandkishor Telkapalliwar, Vidyadhar Shivankar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00009.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R Manoj Prabakaran, V Niranjan, VM Seenivasan, S Thenesh Kumar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sarita Yadav, D.K. Tyagi , O.P. Yadav

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Gerald Mbugua, Isaac Mwangi, Ruth Wanjau, Moses Abednego Ollengo, Esther Wanja Nthiga, Jane Catherine Ngila

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00013.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Adekunle Adetukasi, Ajayi Babatunde Olasunkanmi, Okoronkwo Afamefuna Elvis

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2019.00053.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): N.K. Amaliya, Sugirtha P. Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00043.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ashok A. Hajare, Mahesh N. Mali, Sushil Sarvagod, Sachin Kurane, Shweta Patwardhan, Arun S. Dange

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kanhaya Lal, Garima Prajapat, Uma Rathore, Bhojak N.

DOI: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00082         Access: Open Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry (AJRC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal devoted to pure and applied chemistry..... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150 

Popular Articles

Recent Articles