Neelam Sharma, A. K Bhargava, Sarita Bhandari
Neelam Sharma1*, A. K Bhargava2, Sarita Bhandari3
1(BRP) in Block Education Office, Jagadhri, Haryana
2Department of Botany, M.S College, Saharanpur, UP
3Department of Botany, M.L.N College, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
Volume - 7,
Issue - 5,
Year - 2014
Water pollution is a serious issue with rapid progress of urbanization and industrialization in the country. The discharge of sewage, industrial waste and effluents to water resource is damaging both flora and fauna near the receiving water bodies. Paodhoi river originates at the foot hills of Shivalik ranges and passes through main city of Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India and finally confluence into the Hindane river near Tapri. The qualities of water of river at the site of origin is quite good but as it enter into city, the river carries large volume of municipal waste, sewage waste as well as industrial waste .The present paper deals with the assessment of physico -chemical parameters of the Paodhoi River in the Saharanpur district. Water sample were collected in three season viz., summer, winter and monsoon from three sampling sites for year 2009 revealed that maximum water temperature was 40.80±4°C in June 2009 at site ‘A’ and Minimum was observed 5.00±0.45°C in Jan 2009 at site ‘B’. Annual average value of temperature varied at three study sites. The water temperature showed an upward trend from winter season to summer season followed by a downward from monsoon season onward in the river and its impact on associated flora and fauna.
Turbidity of water found maximum was 1100JTU±88JTU during monsoon in 2009 at site ‘C’ and minimum was observed 21JTU±2 JTU during winter season in 2009 at site ‘A’. In the present investigation, it was noted that the total solids were maximum in monsoon season which were responsible for the turbidity in the river. The total solids were recorded minimum in winter season due to gradual sedimentation of the filterable residue. Our study with total suspended solids in water also showed variations at 3 experimental sites .maximum total suspended solid was found 1300 mg/l±44 mg/l in winter season at site ‘C’ in 2009 and minimum was found 26 mg/l ±2 mg/l in winter season 2009 at site ‘A’.
Among the chemical parameters of the river water pH value recorded minimum during winter season and higher during rainy season. It was also recorded pH always have slightly alkaline nature.
The level of bio-chemical oxygen demand was near to alarming stage at down steam site and quality of water was worse than treated waste water from industry. BOD was observed maximum 35 mg/l ±3 mg/l in monsoon at site ‘C’ in 2009 and minimum was 2.42 mg/l ± 0.28 mg/l in winter season at site ‘A’. BOD levels were probably influenced by heavy metals with regard to seasonal fluctuation. Our results with total nitrogen and phosphorus level showed gradual increase in total nitrogen and total phosphorus from 10% concentration to 100% concentration of polluted river water. Likewise, total heavy metal accumulation is more in downstream site – C as compared to upstream site – A. The physico – chemical characteristics in present study varied considerably and showed characteristics trend in relation to the seasonal changes.
Cite this article:
Neelam Sharma, A. K Bhargava, Sarita Bhandari. Assessment of seasonal and temporal variation in Physico-chemical Parameter of Paodhoi River at Saharanpur. Asian J. Research Chem. 7(5): May 2014; Page 492-502.