ISSN

0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)


Author(s): Samira Boufas, Mohamed El Hocine Benhamza, Bachir Ben Seghir, Ferdenache Hadria

Email(s): bbachir39@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00040.1   

Address: Samira Boufas, Mohamed El Hocine Benhamza, Bachir Ben Seghir, Ferdenache Hadria
Analysis and Laboratory of Industrial Materials Engineering (LAIGM), University 8 Mai1945 Guelma, Algeria.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
Polysaccharide-based biomaterials are a developing class in various fields such as biomedicine, wastewater treatment, functional membranes and flocculation. Most of the polysaccharides are derivative from sources natural; mainly, chitosan (CS), Carrageenan (AG) and Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). In this work, a number of ternary mixture blends of Chitosan / Carrageenan / Hydroxyethyl Cellulose (CS/AG/HEC) at different ratios (considering Chitosan as the main component) are synthesized, chemically identified and characterized. The optimum mixture ratio for a better gel with significantly higher viscoelastic properties is obtained by an Experimental Design using a model of Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Gels derived under the optimized conditions are found for a given composition percentage equals to 51/42/07 of CS/AG/HEC respectively. Characterization of the optimized gel is performed by Fourier Transform spectroscopy Infrared (FTIR) as well as by Thermal Gravimetric Analysis and Di?erential Scanning Calorimetry (TGA/DSC). The viscoelastic properties of the obtained blended CS gels are also investigated through rheological measurement. CS blended gel FTIR spectrum results comparing to those of each component (i.e. Chitosan, Carrageenan and Hydroxyethyl Cellulose), show from chemical structures that there is an interaction between the three components. The thermal analyses results also suggest that the interaction between Chitosan, Carrageenan and Hydroxyethylcellulose may well occur to form a gel with more stability. And this is confirmed by the highest rate point of the weight loss change revealed on the peak of the first derivative curve; observed at a temperature of 112.42°C. Observations obtained from the rheological measurement also suggested the existence of an interaction between the three polymers, and a pseudo-plastic non-Newtonian behaviour of Chitosan blended gel is revealed. Flow measurements also show that temperatures variations have an effect on the blended gel viscosity. Hence, higher viscosities are found for lower temperatures besides a non-Newtonian behaviour is observed at all temperatures. Furthermore, negative slopes are observed indicating the destruction of internal structure by overcoming the internal forces, thus the blended gel has a shear thinning behavior. Moreover, the absence of a second Newtonian plateau indicates the absence of a complete loss of internal forces, so it may well be assumed that the gel still retains its internal structure in the applied shear rate regime.


Cite this article:
Samira Boufas, Mohamed El Hocine Benhamza, Bachir Ben Seghir, Ferdenache Hadria. Synthesis and Characterization of Chitosan/Carrageenan/Hydroxyethyl cellulose blended gels. Asian J. Research Chem. 2020; 13(3):209-215. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00040.1


REFERENCES:
1.    Khor E, Lim LYJB. Implantable applications of chitin and chitosan. 2003;24(13):2339-2349.
2.    Xin-Yuan S, Tian-Wei TJJob, polymers c. New contact lens based on chitosan/gelatin composites. 2004;19(6):467-479.
3.    Crini GJBt. Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. 2006;97(9):1061-1085.
4.    Araki C, Arai K, Hirase SJBotCSoJ. Studies on the chemical constitution of agar-agar. XXIII. Isolation of D-xylose, 6-O-methyl-D-galactose, 4-O-methyl-L-galactose and O-methylpentose. 1967;40(4):959-962.
5.    Stephen AM, Phillips GO. Food polysaccharides and their applications: CRC press; 2016.
6.    Grinshpan D, Gonchar A, Savitskaya T, Tsygankova N, Makarevich SJPSSA. Rheological properties of cellulose-chitosan-phosphoric acid systems in different phase states. 2014;56(2):137-145.
7.    El-Hefian EA, Nasef MM, Yahaya Ahjjcsp. Chitosan-based polymer blends: Current status and applications. 2014;36(1):11.
8.    El-Hefian EA, Nasef M, Yahaya AH, Khan Rajjotccs. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/agar blends: Rheological and Thermal Studies. 2010;55(1):130-136.
9.    Ye Y, Dan W, Zeng R, Lin H, Dan N, Guan L, Mi ZJEpj. Miscibility studies on the blends of collagen/chitosan by dilute solution viscometry. 2007;43(5):2066-2071.
10.    Phillips GO, Williams PA. Handbook of Hydrocolloids: CRC press Boca Raton, FL; 2000.
11.    Madera‐Santana T, Misra M, Drzal L, Robledo D, Freile‐Pelegrin YJPE, Science. Preparation and characterization of biodegradable agar/poly (butylene adipate‐co‐terephatalate) composites. 2009; 49(6): 1117-1126.
12.    Seghir BB, Benhamza MJJoFM, Characterization. Preparation, optimization and characterization of chitosan polymer from shrimp shells. 2017;11(3):1137-1147.
13.    Khuri AI, Mukhopadhyay Sjwircs. Response surface Methodology. 2010;2(2):128-149.
14.    Machado AS, Martins VdCA, Plepis AMdGJJoTA, Calorimetry. Thermal and rheological behavior of collagen. Chitosan Blends. 2002;67(2):491-498.
15.    Essawy HA, Ghazy MB, El-Hai FA, Mohamed MFJIjobm. Superabsorbent hydrogels via graft polymerization of acrylic acid from chitosan-cellulose hybrid and their potential in controlled Release of Soil Nutrients. 2016;89: 144-151.
16.   Ramakrishna P. Preparation and in vitro evaluation of chitosancarrageenan crosslinked blend microspheres for controlled release of nateglinid. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017;6(9):1704-1717.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Gullipilli Sandhya, R. Ravichandra Babu

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00115.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mukesh K. Nagar, Karishma R. Waghmare, P.N. Dhabale, Pradeep D. Chanekar, Suresh Bhatia

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sushil Kumar Dubey, Amla Batra

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kadhiravansivasamy, S. Sivajiganesan, T. Periyathambi, V. Nandhakumar, M. Pugazhenthi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00016.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nandkishor G. Telkapalliwar, Dhanashri M. Borikar, Vidyadhar M. Shivankar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00049.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mukund Nagarnaik, Arun Sarjoshi, Ajay Bodkhe, Bhupendra Khanal, Mayuri Pise, Girish Pandya

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00102.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Anilkumar Kodge, Arunkumar lagashetty

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00023.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): K. Kishore Kumar, R.S.K. Sharma, P. Chanti Babu, M. Sreenivasa Rao, K. Durga Prasadu, D. Ravi Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00067.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Seema Chitlangia, Rajeev Ranjan

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00016.4         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Toyaj Shukla, Shishir Malviya, Abhishek Kumar, Shekhar Srivastava

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00061.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Susheel Kumar Singh, Arvind Verma, R.K. Shukla, K. C. Dubey

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00013.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): BS Vikram, T Srinivas Rao, K Ramesh

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nikita N. Patel, Charmy S. Kothari

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry (AJRC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal devoted to pure and applied chemistry..... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150 

Popular Articles


Recent Articles




Tags