Zaineb Derrag, Nacéra Dali Youcef, Souheyla Boudjema
Zaineb Derrag1,2, Nacéra Dali Youcef2, Souheyla Boudjema3,4*
1Belhadj Bouchaib University Center-Ain Témouchent, Science of Nature and Life Department, 46000, Algeria.
2Ecology and Environment Department. Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences and Earth and Universe Sciences. University of Tlemcen Laboratory of Valuation of Shares Rights for the Environment and Public Health Applications Protection. DFZMS, BP 119, Tlemcen, 13000, Algeria.
3Département De Forage Et Mécanique Des Chantiers Pétroliers, Faculté Des Hydrocarbures, Des Énergies Renouvelables, Des Sciences De La Terre et de l’univers, Université Kasdi Merbah, BP 511 Route Ghardaia, Ouargla, Algeria.
4Laboratoire De Catalyse et Synthèse en Chimie Organique, Faculté Des Sciences, Université de Tlemcen, BP 119, Imama, Tlemcen, Algeria.
Volume - 14,
Issue - 1,
Year - 2021
The present study is related to the evaluation of metal pollution (Fe, Zn, Cd, Cu, Pb) in Hammam Boughrara dam (Department of Tlemcen) by using a biological indicator and the common carp (CyprinuscarpioL.1758) fished in this dam. This fish reflects very well the quality of its biotope. It is a very abundant species which resists to the change of the temperatures and it is well appreciated by the consumer. The samples were obtained by the dam administration during January 2017. The weight and the various sizes were recorded. A dissection was carried out on fifteen individuals. Four organs were taken: the liver; body of metabolism, the gills; first bodies of contact with water, the muscle representing the part consumed by the man, and the gonads; reproductive organs. The heavy metal concentrations were determined by the spectrophotometry of atomic absorption to flame (SAAF). In the fish samples, Cd and Pb concentrations exceeded the tolerable values. Metal accumulation by the gills is in general higher than that of the liver, the gonads and the muscle. The high contents are: lead in all the organs, zinc in the gills and the liver, cadmium in the gills and the gonads exceeding the tolerable values. The accumulation gradient is as follows: Zn > Fe > Cu > Pb > Cd. The results obtained, treated statistically revealed significant differences between organs for zinc and lead. The levels of the average metal concentrations in the muscle present a risk for the consumer.
Cite this article:
Zaineb Derrag, Nacéra Dali Youcef, Souheyla Boudjema. Bioaccumulation of trace elements in Cyprinus Carpio’s organs collected from Hammam Boughrara dam. Asian J. Research Chem. 2021; 14(1):79-85. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2021.00010.9
Zaineb Derrag, Nacéra Dali Youcef, Souheyla Boudjema. Bioaccumulation of trace elements in Cyprinus Carpio’s organs collected from Hammam Boughrara dam. Asian J. Research Chem. 2021; 14(1):79-85. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2021.00010.9 Available on: https://ajrconline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-1-13
1. L. Burridge, K. Doe, K. Haya, P. Jackman, G. Lindsay, V. Zitko, Chemical analyses and toxicity tests on sediments under salmon net pens in the Bay of Fundy, Canadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences/Rapport technique canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques. Imprint varies, (1999) 33.
2. H.T. Abdulsahib, A.H. Taobi, S.S. Hashim, Removal of Heavy metals from Wastewater by Novel Adsorbent based on Chitosan and Lignin, Research Journal of Science and Technology, 7 (2015) 35-46.
3. I. Papagiannis, I. Kagalou, J. Leonardos, D. Petridis, V. Kalfakakou, Copper and zinc in four freshwater fish species from Lake Pamvotis (Greece), Environment international, 30 (2004) 357-362.
4. S.A. Oymak, H. Karadede-Akin, N. Dogan, Heavy metal in tissues of Tor grypus from Atatürk Dam Lake, Euphrates River-Turkey, Biologia, 64 (2009) 151-155.
5. Q.-q. Chi, G.-w. Zhu, A. Langdon, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fishes from Taihu Lake, China, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19 (2007) 1500-1504.
6. A. Chatterjee, J. Abraham, Biosorption of Copper using Oryza sativa and Aspergillus oryzae, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 9 (2016) 664-670.
7. S. Bais, A. Chandewar, D. Wargantiwar, S. Charjan, Comparative Evaluation of Heavy Metals in Marketed Haematinic Herbal Formulations by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, 4 (2014) 11-16.
8. P. Kalpana, K. Balasubramanian, R. Kalaivani, Evaluation of Heavy Metals in Selected Medicinal Plants and their Corresponding Soils collected from Environmentally Diverse Locations of India, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11 (2018) 3489-3493.
9. S.R. Amaraneni, Distribution of pesticides, PAHs and heavy metals in prawn ponds near Kolleru lake wetland, India, Environment international, 32 (2006) 294-302.
10. K. Peng, C. Luo, L. Lou, X. Li, Z. Shen, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by the aquatic plants Potamogeton pectinatus L. and Potamogeton malaianus Miq. and their potential use for contamination indicators and in wastewater treatment, Science of the total environment, 392 (2008) 22-29.
11. M. Saha, S. Sengupta, B. Sinha, D.K. Mishra, Assessment of physico-chemical properties, some heavy metals and arsenic of river teesta in Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal, India, Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry, 10 (2017) 399-404.
12. L. Shukla, N. Jain, A Review on Soil Heavy metals Contamination: Effects, Sources and Remedies, Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry, 13 (2020) 299-304.
13. R.A. Samant, V.L. Gurav, A Biosorption of Heavy Metal Ions from effluent using Waste Fish Scale, Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry, 11 (2018) 775-777.
14. N. Tarachand, S. Dipak, D. Arti, Utilization of Natural Adsorbents in the Elimination of Toxic Metal Ions in Industrial Effluents: A Review, Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry, 9 (2016) 70-76.
15. C. Fung, J. Lam, G. Zheng, D. Connell, I. Monirith, S. Tanabe, B. Richardson, P. Lam, Mussel-based monitoring of trace metal and organic contaminants along the east coast of China using Perna viridis and Mytilus edulis, Environmental Pollution, 127 (2004) 203-216.
16. M. Metian, P. Bustamante, L. Hédouin, M. Warnau, Accumulation of nine metals and one metalloid in the tropical scallop Comptopallium radula from coral reefs in New Caledonia, Environmental Pollution, 152 (2008) 543-552.
17. M. Türkmen, A. Türkmen, Y. Tepe, Y. Töre, A. Ateş, Determination of metals in fish species from Aegean and Mediterranean seas, Food chemistry, 113 (2009) 233-237.
18. S.K.L. Al-Zurfi, A.Y. Alisaw, G.A.A. Al-Shafai, Bioaccumulation of Some Heavy Metals by the Aquatic Plant Lemnagibba in Vitro, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11 (2018) 4229-4236.
19. D. Schiedek, K. Broeg, J. Baršienė, K.K. Lehtonen, J. Gercken, S. Pfeifer, H. Vuontisjärvi, P.J. Vuorinen, V. Dedonyte, A. Koehler, Biomarker responses as indication of contaminant effects in blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) and female eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) from the southwestern Baltic Sea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 53 (2006) 387-405.
20. M. Dural, M.Z.L. Göksu, A.A. Özak, Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla lagoon, Food chemistry, 102 (2007) 415-421.
21. M.Z.L. Göksu, F. Çevik, Ö. Fındık, E. Sarıhan, Seyhan Baraj Gölü'ndeki Aynalı Sazan (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) ve Sudak (Stizostedion lucioperca L., 1758)'larda Fe, Zn, Cd Düzeylerinin Belirlenmesi, Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 20 (2003).
22. C. Fernandes, A. Fontaínhas-Fernandes, D. Cabral, M.A. Salgado, Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Liza saliens from Esmoriz–Paramos lagoon, Portugal, Environmental monitoring and assessment, 136 (2008) 267-275.
23. S. Praveena, M. Radojevic, M. Abdullah, A. Aris, Application of sediment quality guidelines in the assessment of mangrove surface sediment in Mengkabong lagoon, Sabah, Malaysia, Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 5 (2008) 35-42.
24. A. Oksuz, A. Ozyilmaz, M. Aktas, G. Gercek, J. Motte, A comparative study on proximate, mineral and fatty acid compositions of deep seawater rose shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris, Lucas 1846) and red shrimp (Plesionika martia, A. Milne-Edwards, 1883), Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8 (2009) 183-189.
25. Y. Yildirim, Z. Gonulalan, I. Narin, M. Soylak, Evaluation of trace heavy metal levels of some fish species sold at retail in Kayseri, Turkey, Environmental monitoring and assessment, 149 (2009) 223-228.
26. D. Joksimovic, I. Tomic, A.R. Stankovic, M. Jovic, S. Stankovic, Trace metal concentrations in Mediterranean blue mussel and surface sediments and evaluation of the mussels quality and possible risks of high human consumption, Food chemistry, 127 (2011) 632-637.
27. A.J. Schleiss, H. Pougatsch, Les barrages: du projet à la mise en service, PPUR Presses polytechniques2011.
28. Z. Derrag, Y. Dali, L. Mesli, Seasonal variations of heavy metals in Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio L., 1758) collected from Sikkak Dam of Tlemcen (Algeria), International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 4 (2014) 1-8.
29. M. Bahnasawy, A.A. Khidr, N. Dheina, Seasonal variations of heavy metals concentrations in mullet, Mugil Cephalus and Liza Ramada (Mugilidae) from Lake Manzala, Egypt, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 5 (2009) 845-852.
30. G. Zhelyazkov, D. Georgiev, L. Dospatliev, Y. Staykov, Determination of heavy metals in roach (Rutilus rutilus) and bleak (Alburnus alburnus) in Zhrebchevo Dam Lake, Ecologia Balkanica, 5 (2014) 15-20.
31. O.F. Mbonu, A.P. Udeozor, O.B. Obinna, Determination of Some Heavy Metal Pollutants In Conydors semiaquilus and Oreochromis niloticus Samples from Ndibe Beach at Afikpo North Local Government Area, Afikpo of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Research Journal of Science and Technology, 9 (2017) 224-228.
32. G. WHO., Food and Agriculture/World Health Organisation (FAO/WHO). Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury, cadmium and lead., in: W.T.R. Series (Ed.), 1989.
33. B. Momčilović, Conor Reilly. Metal contamination of food. Its significance for food quality and human health, Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 53 (2003) 46-47.
34. V. Rodrıguez, M. Jimenez-Capdeville, M. Giordano, The effects of arsenic exposure on the nervous system, Toxicology letters, 145 (2003) 1-18.
35. F. Yılmaz, N. Özdemir, A. Demirak, A.L. Tuna, Heavy metal levels in two fish species Leuciscus cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus, Food chemistry, 100 (2007) 830-835.
36. M. Rashed, Cadmium and lead levels in fish (Tilapia nilotica) tissues as biological indicator for lake water pollution, Environmental monitoring and assessment, 68 (2001) 75-89.
37. Z.K. Gašpić, T. Zvonarić, N. Vrgoč, N. Odžak, A. Barić, Cadmium and lead in selected tissues of two commercially important fish species from the Adriatic Sea, Water Research, 36 (2002) 5023-5028.
38. J.P. Meador, D.W. Ernest, A.N. Kagley, A comparison of the non-essential elements cadmium, mercury, and lead found in fish and sediment from Alaska and California, Science of the total environment, 339 (2005) 189-205.
39. S. Karaytug, C. Erdem, B. Cicik, Accumulation of cadmium in the gill, liver, kidney, spleen, muscle and brain tissues of Cyprinus carpio, Ekoloji, 63 (2007) 16-22.
40. M.C. Newman, Fundamentals of ecotoxicology: the science of pollution, CRC press2014.
41. H. Segner, Response of fed and starved roach, Rutilus rutilus, to sublethal copper contamination, Journal of fish biology, 30 (1987) 423-437.
42. K. Drbal, Z. Svobodova, Cooper content in fish after short-time exposure to cupric sulphate pentahydrate, Buletin VU RH Vodnˇany, 4 (1980) 9-13.
43. S. Tekin-Özan, İ. KIR, Accumulation of some heavy metals in Raphidascaris acus (Bloch, 1779) and its host (Esox lucius L., 1758), Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, 31 (2007) 327-329.
44. M. Al-Yousuf, M. El-Shahawi, S. Al-Ghais, Trace metals in liver, skin and muscle of Lethrinus lentjan fish species in relation to body length and sex, Science of the total environment, 256 (2000) 87-94.
45. L. Kalyoncu, H. Kalyoncu, G. Arslan, Determination of heavy metals and metals levels in five fish species from Işıklı Dam Lake and Karacaören Dam Lake (Turkey), Environmental monitoring and assessment, 184 (2012) 2231-2235.
46. A. Farkas, J. Salánki, A. Specziár, Age-and size-specific patterns of heavy metals in the organs of freshwater fish Abramis brama L. populating a low-contaminated site, Water Research, 37 (2003) 959-964.
47. F. Henry, R. Amara, L. Courcot, D. Lacouture, M.-L. Bertho, Heavy metals in four fish species from the French coast of the Eastern English Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea, Environment international, 30 (2004) 675-683.
48. T. Agusa, T. Kunito, G. Yasunaga, H. Iwata, A. Subramanian, A. Ismail, S. Tanabe, Concentrations of trace elements in marine fish and its risk assessment in Malaysia, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51 (2005) 896-911.
49. C. Fernandes, A. Fontaínhas-Fernandes, F. Peixoto, M.A. Salgado, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Liza saliens from the Esmoriz–Paramos coastal lagoon, Portugal, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 66 (2007) 426-431.
50. T. Agusa, T. Kunito, S. Tanabe, M. Pourkazemi, D.G. Aubrey, Concentrations of trace elements in muscle of sturgeons in the Caspian Sea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49 (2004) 789-800.
51. S.V. Hosseini, R.D. Behrooz, A. Esmaili-Sari, N. Bahramifar, S.M. Hosseini, R. Tahergorabi, S.F. Hosseini, X. Feás, Contamination by organochlorine compounds in the edible tissue of four sturgeon species from the Caspian Sea (Iran), Chemosphere, 73 (2008) 972-979.
52. K.H. Watanabe, F.W. Desimone, A. Thiyagarajah, W.R. Hartley, A.E. Hindrichs, Fish tissue quality in the lower Mississippi River and health risks from fish consumption, Science of the total environment, 302 (2003) 109-126.
53. M. Canli, G. Atli, The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species, Environmental Pollution, 121 (2003) 129-136.
54. A. Heath, Behavior and nervous system function, Water pollution and fish physiology, (1987) 181-196.
55. F. Kargin, Seasonal changes in levels of heavy metals in tissues of Mullus barbatus and Sparus aurata collected from Iskenderun Gulf (Turkey), Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 90 (1996) 557-562.
56. F. Hemida, Contribution à l'étude de l'anchois Engraulis encrasicolus (Linné, 1758) dans la région d'Alger: biologie et exploitation, These de magister, USTHB, (1987).
57. S. Salahshur, Z. Yousefi, A. Bakhtiari, Bioaccumulation of cd, Pb and Zn in the oyster Saccostrea cucullata and surface sediments of Hendourabi Island-Persian Gulf, Iran J Mar Biol Oceanogr, 3 (2014) 2.
58. A.R. Linde, S. Sánchez-Galán, J.I. Izquierdo, P. Arribas, E. Marañón, E. García-Vázquez, Brown Trout as Biomonitor of Heavy Metal Pollution: Effect of Age on the Reliability of the Assessment, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 40 (1998) 120-125.
59. P.-A. Amundsen, F.J. Staldvik, A.A. Lukin, N.A. Kashulin, O.A. Popova, Y.S. Reshetnikov, Heavy metal contamination in freshwater fish from the border region between Norway and Russia, Science of the total environment, 201 (1997) 211-224.
60. M. Roméo, Y. Siau, Z.n. Sidoumou, M. Gnassia-Barelli, Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritania coast, Science of the total environment, 232 (1999) 169-175.
61. S. Mormede, I.M. Davies, Heavy metal concentrations in commercial deep-sea fish from the Rockall Trough, Continental Shelf Research, 21 (2001) 899-916.
62. Y. Anan, T. Kunito, S. Tanabe, I. Mitrofanov, D.G. Aubrey, Trace element accumulation in fishes collected from coastal waters of the Caspian Sea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51 (2005) 882-888.
63. F. Monsefrad, J. Imanpour Namin, S. Heidary, Concentration of heavy and toxic metals Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and Hg in liver and muscles of Rutilus frisii kutum during spawning season with respect to growth parameters, Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11 (2012) 825-839.