ISSN

0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)


Author(s): Samir Derouiche, Taissir Cheradid, Messaouda Guessoum

Email(s): dersamebio@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00042.5   

Address: Samir Derouiche, Taissir Cheradid, Messaouda Guessoum
Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, El-Oued University, El Oued 39000, El Oued, Algeria.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
The aim of the current study is to evaluated the effect of drinking Water in Djamaa region on kidney function in rats. For this purpose, female Wistar rats divided into three groups (n=5), the first group of rats received mineral water serve as control, the second group of rabbits received tap water with (TDW) and the third group of rats received filtered water (FDW). Received drinking water for 60 days. Qualitative analysis of water showed a high level of chloride, calcium, potassium and sodium in TDW and low in FDW of Djamaa region as compared to mineral water. Our results showed a significant increase (p<0.05) of serum urea, creatinine and sodium levels and decrease in potassium and chloride in TDW and FDW group as compared to control. results obtained about hematological markers shows a significant decrease of Red blood cell (p<0.001), Hemoglobin (p<0.01), White blood cells (WBC) (p<0.001) and platelet (p<0.001) levels in TDW group compared to control. Results represent revealed also a significant increase (p<0.05) in MDA level and decreased (p<0.05) in antioxidant parameters such as GSH concentration, GST, SOD and catalase activities in TDW group as compared to control. In conclusion, this study showed that imbalance of electrolyte levels in tap water or filtered water is a major cause of kidney damage.


Cite this article:
Samir Derouiche, Taissir Cheradid, Messaouda Guessoum. Electrolyte Analysis of drinking water of Djamaa (Algeria) region and study its effect on the kidneys in Wistar rats. Asian J. Research Chem. 2020; 13(3):219-224. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00042.5


REFERENCES:
1.    Levey AS, Atkins R, Coresh J, Cohen EP, Collins EJ, Eckardt KU, Nahas ME, Jaber BL, Jadoul M, Levin A, Powe NR, Rossert J, Wheeler DC, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Chronic kidney disease as a global public health problem: Approaches and initiatives – a position statement from Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes . Kidney International 2007; 2: 247–259.
2.    Anton CS, Michael ME, Thomas HH, Kathy HR, Dolph C, William MM, David GW, Frank V. Chronic Kidney Disease: A Public Health Problem That Needs a Public Health Action Plan. Public Health Research, Practice and Policy 2006; 3(2).
3.    Naqvi R, Mubarak M, Ahmed E, Akhtar F, Bhatti S, Naqvi A, Rizvi A. Spectrum of glomerular diseases causing acute kidney injury; 25 years' experience from a single center. J Renal Inj Prev. 2015 ;4(4):113-6.
4.    Kazancioğlu R. Risk factors for chronic kidney disease: an update. Kidney Int Suppl 2013; 3(4):368-371.
5.    Ibrahim AG, Ahmed H, Awdah, MA. Assessment of Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Science and Research 2014; 3(7): 446-450.
6.    Sunil JW. Effect of water hardness on Non-communicable diseases, including chronic kidney disease of multifactorial origin (CKDmfo/CKDuo). Journal of Environment and Health Sciences, 2016; 2(1), 1-11.
7.    Chen, J. Analysis of water environment in the Xinjiang arid region. Arid Environ. Monitor, 2002; 16: 223-227.
8.    Velea T, Gherghe L, Predica V, Krebs R. Heavy metal contamination in thevicinity of an industrial area near Bucharest. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, 2009; 16: 27-32.
9.    Derouiche S, Degachi O, Gharbi K. Phytochemistry analysis and modulatory activity of Portulacae oleracea and Aquilaria malaccensis extracts against High-fructose and high-fat diet induced immune cells alteration and heart lipid peroxidation in Rats. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019; 8(4): 6-11.
10.    Atieh M, Mohsen N, Zahra S. Oxidative Stress in Chronic Kidney Disease. Iranian journal of kidney diseases (IJKD), 2015; 9: 165-79.
11.    Yagi K. Simple Fluorometric Assay for lipoperoxyde in blood plasma. Biochemical. Medecine, 1976; 15: 212-216.
12.    Weak Beker G, Cory JG Ribonucleotide reductase activity and growth of glutathione-depled mous leihemia L1210 cells in vitro. cancer letters, 1988; 40: 257-264.
13.    William HH, Michael JP, William BJ. Glutathione S-transferase, The first enzymatic step in mercapturic acid formation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 1974; 249(22): 7130-9.
14.    Beauchamp C, Fridovich I. Superoxide dismutase: Improved assays and an assay applicable to acrylamide gels. Analytical Biochemistry, 1971; 44(1): 276-287.
15.    Aebi H. Catalase in vitro. In Methods in enzymology 1984; 105: 121-126.
16.    Zobeidi A, Leila M. Physico-chemical quality of drinking water in the south of Algeria (Case of El-Oued region) study of excess minerals. International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, 2013; 11: 38-43.
17.    Mahajan RK, Walia TPS, Lark BS, Sumanjit. Analysis of physical and chemical parameters of bottled drinking water, International Journal of Environmental Health Research 2006; 16(2): 89-98.
18.    Edgar VL, Sanjay P, Elizabeth ALR, Coralie TC. Comprehensive Information About Prevention and Treatment of Kidney Disease. Book: Complete Guide for Kidney Patients (Save your Kidneys); 2eme Eds. (2015); 1-246.
19.    Wang Y, Sun L, Wang H, Li X. Importance and benefits of dietary sodium restriction in the management of chronic kidney disease patients: experience from a single Chinese center. Int Urol Nephrol, 2012; 44: 549–556.
20.    Ying WZ, Sanders PW. Dietary salt modulates renal production of transforming growth factor-b1 in rats. Am J Physiol, 1998; 274: 635–641.
21.    Palmer BF, Clegg DJ. Physiology and pathophysiology of potassium homeostasis. Adv Physiol Educ, 2016; 40(4): 480–90.
22.    Liesa KH, Dana CM, Wolfgang K, Prudence RC, Hermann B, Ben S. Association of Abnormal Serum Potassium Levels with Arrhythmias and Cardiovascular Mortality: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 2018. Doi: 10.1007/s10557-018-6783-0.
23.    Benrabah S, Attoui B, Hannouche M. Characterization of groundwater quality destined for drinking water supply of Khenchela City (eastern Algeria). Journal of Water and Land Development 2016. DOI: 10.1515/jwld-2016-0016.
24.    Yirdaw M, Bamlaku A. Drinking water quality assessment and its effects on residents health in Wondo genet campus, Ethiopia. Environmental System Research 2016; 5(1).
25.    WHO, Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd ed. Vol. 2 World Health Organization, Geneva. 1996.
26.    Dowell LR. Minerals in Animal and Human Nutrition. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2ndEds.660 2003.
27.    Weiner ID, Mitch WE, Sands JM. Urea and Ammonia Metabolism and the Control of Renal Nitrogen Excretion. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015; 10(8):1444-58.
28.    Andrew CS, Naing LH, David AC, Robert LB. A Surviving Patient with Record High Creatinine. Open Journal of Nephrology 2013; 3: 217-219.
29.    Pizzorno J. The Kidney Dysfunction Epidemic, Part 1: Causes. Integr Med (Encinitas) 2015; 14(6): 8-13. PMID: 26807064; PMCID: PMC4718206.
30.    Jeffery LM. Iron Deficiency Anemia: A common and Curable Disease. Cold Spring Herb Perspect Med. 2013.Doi:10.1101/cshperspect. a011866.
31.    Derouiche S, Serouti A, Rezzag mohcen O S. Risk of Metribuzin (Triazinone herbicide) on hematological and renal structure and function of pregnancy rabbits. Asian J Biol Sci 2019; 12:192-198.
32.    Mehdi U, Robert DT. Anemia, Diabetes, and Chronic kidney Disease. Diabetes Care 2009; 32(7).
33.    Wasana K, Orathai T, Surapon T. Association Between Elevated Arsenic Exposure with Chronic Kidney Disease and Oxidative Stress in Subjects of the Contamination Area. International Journal of Toxicological and Pharmacological Research, 2016; 8(3): 173-178.
34.    Inkielewicz I, Czarnowski W, Gdańsk P. Oxidative stress parameters in rats exposed to fluoride and aspirin. Research report Fluoride 2008; 41(1): 76–82.
35.    Derouiche S, Atoussi N, Guediri S. Assessment of Hematological Parameters, Enzymes Activities, and Oxidative Stress Markers in Salivary and Blood of Algerian Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. Biochem Tech 2019; (4): 50-58.
36.    Jing Y, Hui L, Li-Hong Z, Ya-Lin Z, Wen-Qing L. Oxidative stress and DNA damage induced by a drinking-water chlorination disinfection byproduct 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl) -5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) in mice. Mutation Research 2006; 609: 129–136.
37.    Oluwafikemi TI, June CS, Megan JB, Annette EV, Jan GM, Lyndy JM. Generation of reactive oxygen species in relevant cell lines as a bio-indicator of oxidative effects caused by acid mine water. Water SA 2017; 43(1).
38.    Kumari M, Rathnayake R, Kendaragama K, Gunarathna M, Nirmanee K. Drinking water quality in chronic kidney disease unknown Aetiology (CKDu). Int'l Journal of Advances in Agricultural and Environmental Engg. (IJAAEE) 2016; 3(1): 57-60.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Sushil Kumar Dubey, Amla Batra

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): M Sugumaran, T Vetrichelvan, S Darlin Quine

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S Kalidas, B Kameswari, P Devi, B Madhumitha, R Meera, NJ Merlin

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): C.Balamurugan, L. Leena Hebsibai

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): K. Radhika, B. Kumaravel, V. Thamizhiniyan, S. Subramanian

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Firke SD, Firake BM, Chaudhari RY, Patil VR

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kishore Kumar Valluri, Tejeswara Rao Allaka, I V Kasi Viswanath, Nagaraju PVVS

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00111.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Vaghela Gayatri K., Patil S.B., Palled M.S., Bhat A.R.

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Lingappa Mallesha, Guruswamy Vinay, Bantal Veeresh

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00053.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Pattan Shashikant R, Kekare Prajact, NS Dighe, SB Bhawar, Nikalje Ana, Pati Ashwini, MB Hole

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ulhas S Surwase, Gazi H Shaikh, Shivanand M Patil, Shivraj G Hunsnalkar, Rajesh Y Chaudhary

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rakesh Saini, Saurabh Chaturvedi, AN Kesari, Rijuved Garg, Amita Verma

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Swapnil J. Dengle, Shriram M. Pathak, Chandra Mohan, Arumugam Karthik, Prashant Musmade, Krishnamurthy Bhat, Nayanabhirama Udupa

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Arjun Singh, Ajay Kr. Meena, M.M. Rao, Sudeep Mishra, M.M. Padhi, Ramesh Babu

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sarav A. Desai , Prakash S. Sukhramani, Maulik P. Suthar, Vipul P. Patel

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Akash P Dahake, D Satyanarayana, Arun B Joshi, Chandarshekhar KS, Himanshu Joshi

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ubani Chibuike Samuel, Joshua Parker Elijah

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shashikant R Pattan, Nachiket S Dighe1, Anand A Bukitagar, Prerana A Chavan, Snehlata K Tambe, Deepak S Musmade, S V Hiremath

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry (AJRC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal devoted to pure and applied chemistry..... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150 

Popular Articles


Recent Articles




Tags