ISSN

0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)


Author(s): A. Kumaresan

Email(s): naga.susa83@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00072   

Address: A. Kumaresan
Department of Chemistry and Research Centre, Nanjil Catholic College of Arts and Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tamilnadu, India - 627 012.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Manufacture of common salt by evaporation of natural brine has been renowned from past. The southern state of Tamil nadu in India, 75% of the salt is made by solar evaporation of sea brine, 20% from subsoil brine and therefore the rest from backwater. For the manufacture of salt and its by-products by the evaporation of brine, the information of each the composition of the brine and its phase chemistry is important. Underground brine (subsoil) is considered to be the sea water cut-off from oceans and concentrated by sunlight. It contains the elements of chloride, sulphate, calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium in higher proportion. The physical parameter of rainfall data was collected because it interferes by diluting the brine and reducing the rate of evaporation. The monitoring of the physical and chemical parameters of brine at various stages viz, source, reservoir, condenser, crystallizer and bittern of the subsoil salt-pan gives plentiful possibilities for the management of the salt-pans. The results of chemical parameters and their seasonal dissimilarities were studied for a period of one year. (Jan-Dec 2019).


Cite this article:
A. Kumaresan. Hydrochemistry of various stages of Brine in subsoil salt-pan. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2021; 14(6):421-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00072

Cite(Electronic):
A. Kumaresan. Hydrochemistry of various stages of Brine in subsoil salt-pan. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2021; 14(6):421-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-4150.2021.00072   Available on: https://ajrconline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-6-5


REFERENCES:
1.    United Nations Industrial Development Organisation, Procedure of Expert group meeting, Rome 25-29, 1968.
2.    Singaravelu S., Training Course in Salt Technology, Salt Department, Government of India, 37, 4-22 August 1981.
3.    Annual Report, Salt Commission of India, Salt Department, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Department of Industrial policy and Promotion, Government of India, 2014-2015.
4.    Sorgeloos P and Tackaert W., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Biotechnology of Salt Pond, Tang Gu, PR China, 13-21 September 1990.
5.    Krumbein W.E., Philip G., Tager A.G., Waheb S.A and Wale A.M., Evaporitic Sedimentation and Microbial mats in a Salina System (Port Fouad, Egypt), International Journal of Salt lake Research, 4, 95-116 .1995.
6.    Vogel A.I., A Text book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis, ELBS, London 1978.
7.    Hutchington G.F., A Treatise in Limnology, John Wiley and Sons, New york, 124 .1975.
8.    Jensen J.H and Nylander A.F, Magnesium chloride from naturally occurring brines and evaporates, Mining Engineering, 16(11), 64-66 .1964. Hadzeriga P, Trans.AMIE, 229, 169 .1965.

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