ISSN

0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)


Author(s): Vijay Kumar, Suresh Chaubey, Anupam Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Meena, Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Kiran Srivastava, Ankita Gupta

Email(s): drrajeshpyp@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00089.9   

Address: Vijay Kumar1, Suresh Chaubey2, Anupam Srivastava3, Ajay KumarMeena4, Rajesh Kumar Mishra5*, Kiran Srivastava6, Ankita Gupta7
1North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy, Mawdingding, Shillong.
2Rishikul Campus, Uttarakhand Ayurved University, Harrawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
3Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth, Ministry of Ayush, Delhi.
4CSMRADDI, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of Ayush, Chennai.
5Patanjali Bhartiya Ayurvigyan Evum Anusandhan Sansthan, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.
6Dravyaguna expert, New Delhi.
7Patanjali Herbal Research Department, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
It is well-known that the ancient method of evolution of Ayurveda was originated in India in context of the medical practices developed on the planet so far. It is primarily a medical practice based on plants. Walnut (Akharota) is a medicinal plant widely used in ayurvedic medicine since ancient time. It has a long history of medicinal use, being used in folk medicine to treat a wide range of complaints like constipation, chronic coughs, asthma, dyspepsia etc. It is used for the treatment of various ailments that include tuberculosis, diarrhea, sinusitis, arthritis, skin disorders and various endocrine diseases. The present review, attempts to provide comprehensive information on the classical medicinal uses, Sanskrit names along with etymology of Akharota.


Cite this article:
Vijay Kumar, Suresh Chaubey, Anupam Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Meena, Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Kiran Srivastava, Ankita Gupta. Significance and Importance of Akharota (Juglansregia L.) in Ayurveda-A Classical Review. Asian J. Research Chem. 2020; 13(6):502-508. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00089.9

Cite(Electronic):
Vijay Kumar, Suresh Chaubey, Anupam Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Meena, Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Kiran Srivastava, Ankita Gupta. Significance and Importance of Akharota (Juglansregia L.) in Ayurveda-A Classical Review. Asian J. Research Chem. 2020; 13(6):502-508. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00089.9   Available on: https://ajrconline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2020-13-6-16


REFERENCE:
1.    Sharma, PriyaVrat. (1973). Aṣṭāṅga-Nighaṇṭu. Madras (India): The KuppuswamySastri Research Institute.
2.    Kamat, S.D. (2006). Sarasvatī-Nighaṇṭu.First Edition. Delhi (India): Chaukhambha Sanskrit Pratisthan.
3.    Acharya, Balkrishna (2016). Madanapāla-Nighaṇṭu. First Edition. Haridwar (India): Divya Prakashan.
4.    Sharma, PriyaVrat (1915). Abhidhānaratnamālā.Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaOrientalia.
5.    Acharya, Balkrishna (2016). Soḍhala-Nighaṇṭu. Haridwar (India): Divya Prakashan.
6.    Acharya, Balkrishna (2015). Madanādi-Nighaṇṭu. Haridwar (India): Divya Prakashan.
7.    Sharma, PriyaVratand Sharma, Guru Prasad (2013). Kaiyadeva-Nighaṇṭu. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaOrientalia.
8.    Muniraja, Punyavijya. (1968). Nighaṇṭuśeṣa. Ahmedabad (India): LalbhaiDalpatbhaiBharatiyaSanskritiVidyamandira.
9.    Chunekar, K.C. (2013). Bhāvaprakāśa-Nighaṇṭu. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaBharati Academy.
10.    Acharya, Balkrishna (2016). Rāja-nighaṇṭu. First Edition. Haridwar (India): Divya Prakashan.
11.    Sheth, A. K. (2005). The herbs of Ayurveda (Vol. 4). Gujarat, India: Shet Publishers.
12.    Kirtikar, K. R., andBasu, B. D. (1999).  Indian medicinal plants (Vol. 3). Dehradun, India: International Book Distributors Booksellers and Publishers.
13.    Flora of China: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2andtaxon_id=200006112.
14.    Flora of Pakistan:http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5andtaxon_id=200006112.
15.    Acharya, Balkrishna (2014). Jadi-Buti-Rahashya. Haridwar (India): Divya Prakashan.
16.    http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sandalwood.html.
17.    http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2581919.
18.    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:780592-1.
19.    Sastri, Haragovinda (2016). Amara-Koṣa. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan.
20.    Krishnan, Kumaran. (1966). Āyurvedīya-oṣadhi-nighaṇṭu. New Delhi (India): The Central Council of Ayurvedic Research.
21.    NIIMH: Shivakosha. (n.d.). Retrieved January 09, 2019, from http://niimh.nic.in/ebooks/e-Nighantu/shivakosha/?mod=read
22.    Bhaṭṭācārya, Tārānāthatarkavācaspati (1970). Vācaspatyam. Third Edition. Varanasi (India): Chowakhamba Sanskrit Series.
23.    Sharma, PriyaVrat (2012). Dravyaguṇa-Koṣa. Varanasi (India): Chaukhambha Publishers.
24.    Basunā, VaradāprasādaandBasunā, Haricaraṇa (2015). Śabdakalpadruma. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaSurbharati Prakashan.
25.    Bedi, Ramesh (2005). Bedī-Vanaspati-Koṣa. First Edition. New Delhi (India): Kitabghar Prakashan.
26.    Vaisya, Saligram (2011). Śāligrāma-Nighaṇṭu. Vols. 7-8. Mumbai (India): KhemrajShrikrishnadass Prakashan.
27.    Sharma, PriyaVratand Sharma, Guru Prasad (1998). Dhanvantri-Nighaṇṭu. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaOrientalia.
28.    Vaisya, Saligram (2011). Śāligrama-Nighaṇṭtubhūṣṇam. Vols.7-8. Mumbai (India): KhemrajShrikrishnadass Prakashan.
29.    Sharma, Anant Ram (2012). Suśruta-saṁhitāVol.IIandIII. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaSurbharati Prakashan.
30.    Sharma, PriyaVrat (1973). Mādhava-Dravyaguṇa. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaVidyabhawan.
31.    Sharma, PriyaVrat (2004). Priya-Nighaṇṭu. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaSurbharati Prakashan.
32.    Śāstrī, KāśīnāthaandChaturvedi, GorakhaNātha (2011). Caraka-saṁhitā. Reprint Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaBharati Academy.
33.    Bhatta, R. Kaladhara (2008). Siddhabheṣajamaṇimālā. Fourth Edition. Varanasi (India): ChaukhambhaKrishnadas Academy.
34.    ITIS report, Juglansregia, https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt? search_topic=TSNandsearch_value=503244#null.
35.    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juglans regia.
36.    With Malus toward None: Notes on Scientific Names and Roots. (2012). Retrieved June 18, 2016, from http://www.genesisnurseryinc.com/guidelines/N20withmalustowardnone.
37.    Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants (Fourth Edition). New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved June 18, 2016, from http://www.planta.cn/forum/ files_planta/ the names of plants 114.
38.    Hosseini S, Jamshidi L, Mehrzadi S, Mohammad K, Najmizadeh AR, Alimoradi H and Huseini HF. Effects of Juglansregia L. leaf extract on hyperglycemia and lipid profiles in type two diabetic patients: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Ethnopharmacol 2014;152(3):451-456.
39.    Devi TN, Apraj V, Bhagwat A, Mallya R, Sawant L and Pandita N. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigation of Juglansregia Linn bark. Pharmacognosy Journal 2011; 3(25): 39-42.
40.    Rabrenovic B. Determination of physico-chemical characteristics of walnut (Juglansregia L.) oil from cultivar Sampion. ActaAgriculturaeSerbica 2010; 15(29): 89-94.
41.    Shah TI, Ganesh N and Akthar S. Preliminary phytochemical evaluation and antibacterial potential of different leaf extracts of JuglanaRegia: A ubiquitous dry fruit from Kashmir-India. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res 2013; 19(2): 93-96
42.    Savage GP. Chemical composition of walnuts (Juglansregia L.) grown in New Zealand. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2001;56: 75–82.
43.    Popovici C. Soxhlet extraction and characterisation of natural compounds from walnut (Juglansregia L.) by-products. Ukrainian Food Journal 2013;2(3):328-336.
44.    Eidi A, Moghadam JZ, Mortazavi P, Rezazadeh S and Olamafar S. Hepatoprotective effects of Juglansregia extract against CCl4-induced oxidative damage in rats. Pharm Biol 2013; 51(5): 558–565.
45.    Kale A, Shah S, Gaikwad S, Mundhe K, Deshpande N and Salvekar J. Elements from Stem Bark of Orchard Tree - Juglansregia. International Journal of Chemtech Research 2010; 2 (1):548-550.
46.    Hassan GA, Tali Bilal A, Ahmad BT, Sameena W and NawchooIrshad A. Economic and ethnomedicinal uses of Juglansregia in Kashmir Himalaya. UJAHM 2013; 1(3): 64-67.
47.    Sabaté J, Fraser GE, Burke K, Knutsen SF, Bennett H and Linstead KD. Effects of walnuts on serum lipid levels and blood pressure in normal men. New Engl J Med 1993; 329: 603-660.
48.    Rath BP and Pradhan D. Antidepressant Activity of Juglansregia L. fruit extract. Int J ToxicolPharmacol Res 2009; 1: 24-26.
49.    Chandel HS, Singh S and Pawar A. Neuropharmacological investigation of Juglansregia fruit extract with special reference to anxiety. Int J Drug Res Tech 2012; 2 (7): 461-471.
50.    Erdemoglu N, Küpeli E and Yeşilada E. Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity assessment of plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine. J. Ethnopharmacol 2003; 89: 123-129.
51.    Mokhtari M, Shariati M, Sadeghi N. Effect of alcohol extract from leave Juglansregia on antinociceptive induced by morphine in formalin test. Med Sci J Islam Azad Uni 2008; 18: 85-90
52.    Akihisa T, Yasukawa K, Yamaura M, Ukiya M, Kimura Y, et al. (2000) Triterpene alcohol and sterol ferulates from rice bran and their anti-inflammatory effects. J Sci Food Agri 48(6): 2313-2319.
53.    Graf E (1992) Antioxidant potential of ferulic acid. Free Radical Biol Med 13(4): 435-448.
54.    Ou S, Kwok KC (2004) Ferulic acid: pharmaceutical functions, preparation and applications in foods. J Sci Food Agric 84(11): 1261-1269.
55.    Rukkumani R, Aruna K, Suresh VP, Padmanabhan MV (2004) Hepatoprotective role of ferulic acid: a dose dependent study. J Med Food 7(4): 456-461.
56.    Mishra L, et al. Phytochemical, Botanical and Biological Paradigm of Astavarga Plants- The Ayurvedic Rejuvenators. J Nat Ayurvedic Med 2018, 2(6): 000145.
57.    Chhillar R, Dhingra D (2012) Antidepressant-like activity of gallic acid in mice subjected to unpredictable chronic mild stress. FundamClin Pharm 27(4): 409-418.
58.    Chen JJ (2004) Neuroprotection in Parkinson’s disease. Medscape.  
59.    Tatsimo SJN, Tamokou JD, Havyarimana L, Csupor D, Peter F, et al. (2012) Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of kaempferol rhamnoside derivatives from Bryophyllumpinnatum. BMC Res Note 5: 158.  
60.    Teffo LS, Aderogba M, Eloff JN (2010) Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of four kaempferol methyl ethers isolated from Dodonaeaviscosa Jacq. var. angustifolia leaf extracts. S Afr J Bot 76(1): 25-29.
61.    Zang L, Cosma G, Gardner H, Shi X, Castranova V, et al. (2000) Effect of antioxidant protection by p-coumaric acid on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol oxidation. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 279(4): C954-C960.
62.    Zhou Y, Wang H, Sui H, Li L, Zhou C, et al. (2016) Inhibitory effect of baicalin on allergic response in ovalbumin-induced allergic rhinitis guinea pigs and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human mast cells. Inflamm Res. 65(8): 603-612.
63.    Kumar S, Prahalathan P, Raja B (2012) Syringic acid ameliorates l-NAME-induced hypertension by reducing oxidative stress. Naunyn-Schmied. Arch Pharmacol 385(12): 1175-1184.
64.    Thipparaboina R, Mittapalli S, Thatikonda S, Nangia A, Naidu VG, et al. (2016) Syringic acid: structural elucidation and co-crystallization. Cry Grow Des 16(8): 4679-4687.
65.    Prieto JM, Recio MC, Giner RM (2006) Anti-inflammatory activity of β-sitosterol in a model of oxazolone induced contact-delayed-type hypersensitivity. Bol Latin Caribe Plant Med Aromat 5(3): 57-62.
66.    Loizou S, Lekakis I, Chrousos GP, Moutsatsou P (2010) β-Sitosterol exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in human aortic endothelial cells. MolNutr Food Res 54(4): 551-558.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Anshul Sinha, A. K. Meena, P. Panda, Bhavana Srivastava, M. D. Gupta, M. M. Padhi

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Anupam Maurya, Subash C. Verma, Vijay Gupta, M. B. Shankar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00142.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ajay Kumar Meena, Ch. V. Narasimhaji, P. Rekha, D. Velvizhi, R. Ilavarasan

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00062.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ajay Kumar Meena, Uttam Singh, Arjun Singh, Sudeep Mishra, M. M. Rao, M. M. Padhi, Ramesh Babu, A. Gaurav

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): G.V. Simha, A.K. Meena, Rajesh Sannd, Harjit Singh, P. Panda

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Jayanthy A, Anupam Maurya, Subash C. Verma, Anupam Srivastava, Madhira B. Shankar, Rajeev Kr. Sharma

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2016.00022.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Vijay Kumar, Suresh Chaubey, Anupam Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Meena, Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Kiran Srivastava, Ankita Gupta

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00089.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nikhat F.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2019.00034.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Anu Ruhila, Anupam Srivastava, Pramod Yadav, Galib R., Pradeep Kumar Prajapati

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2021.00019.5         Access: Closed Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry (AJRC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal devoted to pure and applied chemistry..... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150 

Popular Articles


Recent Articles




Tags