0974-4150 (Online)
0974-4169 (Print)

Author(s): D. N. Nyachiro, B. G. Ongarora, J. K. Kibet, N. K. Rono


DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2016.00037.7   

Address: D. N. Nyachiro1, B. G. Ongarora2*, J. K. Kibet1, N. K. Rono1
1Department of Chemistry, Egerton University P.O Box 536 - 20115, Egerton, Kenya
2Department of Chemistry, Dedan Kimathi University of Technology P.O Box 657 - 10100, Nyeri, Kenya
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 9,      Issue - 5,     Year - 2016

Microcystins are a class of cyanobacterial toxins largely found in water and are often responsible for poisoning animals as well as humans. A more recent scenario is the poisoning of domestic water supply system in Toledo (Ohio), USA. Consequently, water supply to the city had to be suspended for weeks in order for authorities to ascertain the commodity’s safety before restoring supply. In Kenya, there have been very few studies on cyanotoxins and their adverse health effects in spite of the fact that cyanobacteria have been implicated in several poisoning episodes of humans and animals worldwide, occasioned by drinking of microcystin contaminated water. This paper therefore, reports data on the first identification and characterization of hepatotoxic microcystins in water samples of Lake Naivasha. Samples from the lake were investigated over a modest period of three months. The phytoplankton community was mainly dominated by the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. The colour of the water samples was found to be 520 ± 91 ptco, while the conductivity was 234 ± 0.8 µs/cm and the total dissolved solids was 1035 ± 12 mg/L. Due to the high turbidity (59.0 ± 24 ntu), phytoplankton biomass was low, ranging between 1.5 and 8.2 mg L-1. Using UV-Vis and HPLC techniques, the microcystin-LR and -RR were detected in all the water samples collected from the lake. HyperChem computational package was used to estimate the toxicity index of microcystin-RR based on the octanol-water partition coefficient and found to be 230 times more soluble in water than in octanol. Thus, microcyctin-RR is highly soluble in polar biological tissues which may result in cell injury, oxidative stress, and ultimately cancer. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evidence of microcystins in Lake Naivasha.

Cite this article:
D. N. Nyachiro, B. G. Ongarora, J. K. Kibet, N. K. Rono. Characterization of cyanobacterial toxins in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Asian J. Research Chem. 2016; 9(5): 217-220. doi: 10.5958/0974-4150.2016.00037.7

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Gullipilli Sandhya, R. Ravichandra Babu

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00115.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mukesh K. Nagar, Karishma R. Waghmare, P.N. Dhabale, Pradeep D. Chanekar, Suresh Bhatia

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kadhiravansivasamy, S. Sivajiganesan, T. Periyathambi, V. Nandhakumar, M. Pugazhenthi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00016.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Gangadhara MM, Dinesha R, Satish Kumar Murari

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00020.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nandkishor G. Telkapalliwar, Dhanashri M. Borikar, Vidyadhar M. Shivankar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00049.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Anilkumar Kodge, Arunkumar lagashetty

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00023.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mukund Nagarnaik, Arun Sarjoshi, Ajay Bodkhe, Bhupendra Khanal, Mayuri Pise, Girish Pandya

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00102.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): K. Kishore Kumar, R.S.K. Sharma, P. Chanti Babu, M. Sreenivasa Rao, K. Durga Prasadu, D. Ravi Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00067.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Toyaj Shukla, Shishir Malviya, Abhishek Kumar, Shekhar Srivastava

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00061.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Susheel Kumar Singh, Arvind Verma, R.K. Shukla, K. C. Dubey

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2018.00013.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R Manoj Prabakaran, V Niranjan, VM Seenivasan, S Thenesh Kumar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Jeevan Jyoti Mohindru, Umesh Kumar Garg, Rajni Gupta

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2017.00069.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): BS Vikram, T Srinivas Rao, K Ramesh

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Seema Chitlangia, Rajeev Ranjan

DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150.2020.00016.4         Access: Closed Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry (AJRC) is an international, peer-reviewed journal devoted to pure and applied chemistry..... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-4150 

Popular Articles

Recent Articles